Babylonian Verb Conjugator (BVC)  - under construction
  - verbs -  reloadrecent improvements
Authors: Margaret Jaques & Dieter Koch, Zurich, Switzerland. Please, report any errors to .

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Search options and verb analyser (check new options!)

subjunctive
ventive
 
 IO  
 DO
-ma

št→lt etc. 
dissimilate bb/dd/gg/zz 

Old Assyrian 
lt→ss 

stative active

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About this project

The Babylonian Verb Conjugator and Analyser (BVC, BVA) provides information the conjugation, construction and meaning of ideally all Akkadian verbs based on the following dictionaries:

... and according to the following grammars:

BVC should not be considered a dictionary of verbs. If you want to determine the exact meaning of a verb, please look it up in the dictionaries mentioned above.

BVC supports tables for the Old Babylonian and Old Assyrian dialects. However, the verb forms are generated mechanically. The software does not know whether or some particular verb form is attested. It only knows which stems are attested for a particular verbs. In addition it knows, e.g., that a Gtn t-perfect for II inf. ā verbs is not attested.

Note that OB and OA verb tables are also generated for verbs that are attested only in later phases of the Akkadian language. Currently, the software does not provide complete information on the period in which a verb was used.

Donations

Donations are greatly appreciated for this leasure time project. Please send money to our PayPal account at sumerian.verb@gmail.com.

Further plans

BVC will be further improved:

Release history

Version of 22/23 February 2024

- Verb form generator was partly refactorised, some errors thereby fixed.
- Old Assyrian personal suffixes (dat., akk.) improved.

Version of 16 February 2024

- N stems of type naparrurum and našallulum improved (Kouwenberg AV 301-305).
- N stems with vowel u (Kouwenberg AV 288-294).
- mēlulum improved (Kouwenberg AV 305-307).
- ne’ellû improved (Kouwenberg AV 313).
- imperative Ntn, vowels corrected.
- some I w verbs now also have pret. ušū-.
- I n verbs N have both assimilated and non-assimilated forms.
- II ' (ī) Gtn according to Kouwenberg AV 480ff. (different from Huehnergard)
- II ' D: type ukīal according to Kouwenberg AV 485.

Version of 11 February 2024

- Non-finite forms are now shown.
- Old Assyrian option was added.
- Bug fixes, mostly importantly:
 - Gt 1'+3', 1n+3' (imperatives).
 - Gtn 2' ā.

Version of 23 July 2023

- Reflexive forms with ramānu are now treated more correctly.
- BVA: some redundant results were removed.

Version of 10 May 2023

- BVA (verb analyser) improved: less results, unless * is added, e.g. "(ip-ru-uš)*".
- Verb nadānum improved (BVA works better for Assyrian and late forms).

Version of 23 February 2023

- BVC error with dative suffixes of 1st person.
- minor improvements.

Version of 10 July 2022

- BVA (analyser) has been considerably improved since May.
- errors have been fixed
- more Assyrian and late forms are understood
- multiple interpretations of final -u, -a, -i are supported (e.g. -u as plural or subjunctive or stem vowel)
- About 270 very rare verbs with attested finite forms have been added.

Version of 8 May 2022

BVA (analyser) improved:
- verbs izuzzum, zâzum, ezēzum
- D and Š of other verbs improved

Version of 23 April 2022

BVA improved (e.g., difficult verbs edûm/išûm) and some errors fixed.

Version of 13 April 2022

BVA understands Assyrian vowel harmony in most cases

Version of 10 April 2022

Babylonian Verb Analyser (BVA, under construction) was released:
Finite verb forms can be added in ( ) brackets in the search field.
Currently, it does not work for imperatives and statives yet.

Version of 6 March 2022

- epēšum, alternatively u/u, also in N (Huehnergard p. 376)

Version of 1/3 March 2022

Bug fixes:
- N stem pres. of izuzzum corrected (pret. and perf. are speculative)
- Errors in page numbers for CAD were corrected

Version of 19 February 2022

- Bug fix: tables of wârum improved, however, some forms are still problematic.

Version of 16 February 2022

- Bug fix: Š stem I-weak corrected.

Version of 29 October 2021

- Bug fix: Dative suffix now possible without ventive.

Version of 20 October 2021

- Some errors in verb data corrected.

Version of 14 October 2021

- Verbs (CDA) complete, except some for which only statives or infinitives are attested.
- Search function further improved. Radicals can be entered instead of infinitive. Wildcard "x" can be used.
- For each verb, the paradigm in Huehnergard is indicated, if existing, with page number in the 2nd and 3rd editions (2005 and 2011).
- Some errors in verb data (babverbdata.js) corrected.

Version of 7 October 2021 (2)

- Some verbs now have active stative automatically.
English translations of stative forms usually do not express the stative character well. However, activity and passivity should be handled correctly.

Version of 1 October 2021

- Search function further improved: radicals can be entered in search field.

Version of 26 September 2021

- Ntn stem of verbs primae n now without assimilation of n (Huehnergard p. 450).

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